Hanna Rudoph was born in Bochum and studied acting first at Schauspiel-Studio Frese in Hamburg and later under Liz Kemp in New York. After working on various theatre and television projects, Rudolph began a degree in theatre directing at the University of Hamburg in 2001. As part of her studies she directed many productions at Hamburg’s Kampnagel and Zeise-Hallen stages, including: Ödön von Horváth’s Kasimir and Karoline, Heinrich von Kleist’s The Schroffenstein Family, Fassbinder’s Blood on the Cat’s Neck and Dea Loher’s Adam Geist. She also staged Birgit Vanderbeke’s Spätlese (Late Harvest Wine) as part of the young directors’ festival "Die Wüste lebt!" and Macbeth at the Körber Studio Junge Regie festival for budding theatre directors. In 2005 Hanna Rudolph was awarded the Doctores Völschau Prize for Young Stage Directors. The same year she staged her first production after graduating, Roland Schimmelpfennig’s The Woman Before, at Schauspiel Kiel. During the 2006/2007 theatre season Rudolph directed Moritz von Uslar’s Waldstein oder der Tod des Walter Gieseking am 6. Juni 2005 (Waldstein or the Death of Walter Gieseking on June 6, 2005) for the Deutsches Theater’s Box theatre, as well as staging Chloe Moss’ How Love is Spelt at Staatstheater Mainz and Ibsen’s A Doll’s House at Schauspiel Kiel. Hanna Rudolph directed Nikolai Gogol's Diary of a Madman at the DT Box for the 2007/2008 season. In 2009 she also staged the world premiere of Thomas Jonigk’s play Donna Davison in the DT’s Kammerspiele.